A conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to do an illegal act. Depending on the circumstances, conspiracies can violate New Jersey law, or federal law, or both. The volume of laws that define conspiracies, and conspiracy prosecutions, is staggering. This page provides a basic orientation. It does not provide detailed discussion of conspiracy's intricacies and nuances. Persons charged with, or who may be charged with, conspiracy should discuss their situation with an experienced criminal defense lawyer.

New Jersey Conspiracies:

The New Jersey conspiracy statute is N.J.S. 2C:5-2. Under the common law, commission of the conspiracy required that one or more parties to the conspiracy commit an overt act to further the plan. N.J.S. 2C:5-2 continues that requirement, but with exceptions. One of the exceptions is that no overt act is required when the object of the conspiracy is a crime of the first or second degree. Another exception is that no overt act is required when the object of the of the conspiracy is to distribute, or to possess with intent to distribute, a controlled dangerous substance, or a controlled dangerous substance analog. New Jersey conspiracies are limited to agreements to commit a crime. N.J.S. 2C:5-2 does not prohibit agreements to commit disorderly persons offenses.

Federal Conspiracies:

The general federal conspiracy statute is 18 U.S.C. 371. Thatmoney and pills in jar suggesting Middlesex County NJ Criminal conspiracy lawyer for NJ conspiracy and federal conspiracy charge statute defines conspiracy as the agreement of two or more persons to commit an offense against the United States, or to defraud the United States, or any federal agency. Unlike some of the offenses in its New Jersey counterpart, the general federal conspiracy statute does require an overt act. It makes no exceptions to that requirement for any particular category of crime.

In addition to the general federal conspiracy statute just described, other federal statutes define conspiracies that relate to specific situations. For example, 18 U.S.C. 2384 defines seditious conspiracy. Seditious conspiracies are agreements to overthrow the government, or to thwart enforcement of federal laws by use of force. And 18 U.S.C. 2340A(c) prohibits conspiracies to commit the crime of torture outside of the United States. Some other federal conspiracy statutes are conspiracy to commit arson, 18 U.S.C. 81; conspiracy to assassinate particular federal officials, including “major candidates” for President or Vice President, 18 U.S.C. 351; conspiracy to commit arson or to carry an explosive to commit a felony, 18 U.S.C. 844(m); conspiracy to commit loansharking, 18 U.S.C. 894; and conspiracies relating to violation of federal drug crimes, 21 U.S.C. 963.

Conspiracy Prosecutions and Trials:

Conspiracy charges are very powerful weapons for New Jersey prosecutors as well as for United States Attorneys. One of the things that makes conspiracies such powerful weapons is that in trials where conspiracies are alleged, Rules of Evidence allow the prosecution to introduce hearsay testimony. “Hearsay” means statements that other persons made, outside of court. (This is a gross oversimplification.) With a number of well-defined exceptions, hearsay evidence is inadmissible in court proceedings. In conspiracy trials, however, out-of-court statements made by any of the alleged conspirators are admissible in evidence against all of the alleged coconspirators on trial.

Punishment--New Jersey Conspiracies:

Under New Jersey law, conspiracy is a crime of the first degree when the object of the conspiracy is to commit murder or terrorism, or when the object of the conspiracy is arson of a place of worship. Conspiracies are also crimes of the first degree under certain circumstances relating to organized crime. Otherwise conspiracies to commit crimes of the first degree constitute crimes of the second degree. Conspiracies to commit crimes of the second, third, and fourth degree are themselves, respectively, crimes of the second, third, and fourth degree.

Punishment--Federal Conspiracies:

Under 18 U.S.C. 371, federal conspiracy is punishable by up to five years in federal prison, and a fine. When the object of the federal conspiracy is a misdemeanor, the term of imprisonment is capped at whatever the term would have been for the offense that was the object of the conspiracy. Remember, however, that 18 U.S.C. 371 is only the general statute for federal conspiracies. Federal statutes that define specific conspiracies carry their own sentencing scheme. Punishment under these specific federal conspiracies are generally more severe than punishment under general federal conspiracy.

Conspiracy Lawyers in New Jersey:

Conspiracy lawyer:  NJ conspiracy and federal conspiracy. NJ conspiracy defense.Allan Marain is a New Jersey conspiracy lawyer. He has forty-five year experience. He has successfully represented numerous clients charged with conspiracy. He is available for a no-obligation consultation for persons charged with conspiracy, be it New Jersey or federal. He would welcome your call.

 Overview  |  Allan Marain  |  Norman Epting, Jr.  |  The Practice  |  Selecting a Lawyer 
 Trial Transcript  |  Jobs and Internships 

 Abandoned Cars  |  Aiding Suicide  |  Appeals  |  Arson  |  Assault  |  Bad Checks  |  Bribery  |  Burglary 
 CDS in Vehicle  |  Cell Phones  |  Child Pornography  |  Cocaine  |  Computer Crimes 
 Conditional Dismissal  |  Conspiracy  |  Credit Card Fraud  |  Drug Crimes  |  Drug Deaths  |  DWI/DUI 
 Eluding  |  Endangering  |  Entrapment  |  Evidence  |  Expungements  |  False Swearing 
 Federal Appeals  |  Federal Crimes  |  Fictitious Reports  |  Forgery  |  Graves Act  |  Gun Law  |  Harassment 
 Hazing  |  Homicide  |  Identity Theft  |  Insurance Fraud  |  Invasion of Privacy  |  Jury Service  |  Juvenile Delinquency 
 Kidnapping  |  Leaving the Scene  |  Lewdness  |  Mail Fraud  |  Manslaughter  |  Marijuana  |  Megan's Law 
 Miranda Warnings  |  Money Laundering  |  Municipal Court  |  Murder  |  NERA  |  No Insurance  |  Official Misconduct 
 PCR  |  Peeping Tom  |  Perjury  |  Point Assessments  |  Police Misconduct  |  Possession  |  Prostitution 
 PT I  |  Receiving Stolen P'ty  |  Red Light Cameras  |  Refusals  |  Resisting Arrest  |  Revoked List  |  Robbery 
 Sexual Assault  |  Shoplifting  |  Stalking  |  Street Crimes  |  Tax Crimes--Federal  |  Tax Crimes--NJ 
 Terroristic Threats  |  Theft  |  Theft by Deception  |  Theft of Services  |  Traffic Offenses 
 Unauth'd Prac Law  |  Underage Drinking  |  Underage Gambling  |  Urinating in Public 
 Vehicular Homicide  |  Violation of Probation  |  Weapons Possession  |  White Collar Crimes  |  Wire Fraud 

 Discrimination  |  Domestic Violence  |  Drivers Licenses  |  Excessive Force  |  Freedom of Speech 
 Personal Injury  |  Whistleblowers 

 Case Review  |  Super Links  |  Special Delivery  |  Directions  |  Parking  |  How Did We Do?  |  PGP Public Key 

 The Bottom Line 

Law Offices of Allan Marain
Attorneys and Counsellors at LawFirm accepts PayPal for fees relating to New Jersey Lawyers for criminal charges, DWI DUI in State and federal court in New Jersey
100 Bayard Street
P.O. Box 1030
New Brunswick NJ 08903
Phone 732-828-2020
or Toll Free: 877-652-6531

“We, as criminal defense lawyers, are forced to deal with some of the lowest people on earth. People who have no sense of right and wrong. People who will lie in court to get what they want. People who do not care who gets hurt in the process. It is our job, our sworn duty as criminal defense lawyers, to protect our clients from those people.”

Cynthia Roseberry

“In criminal law there is only one true law, the constitution of the united states. All statutes and codes are merely the ravings of politicians.”

Counsellors at Law in the Law Offices of Allan Marain, located in New Brunswick, represent clients throughout Central and Northern New Jersey. That includes Asbury Park, Bedminster, Belleville, Bergenfield, Berkeley Heights, Bernards Township, Bernardsville, Bogota, Bound Brook, Branchburg, Brick, Bridgewater, Clifton, Clinton, Closter, Cranbury, Cranford, Cresskill, Deal, Demarest, Denville, Dover, Dumont, Dunellen, East Brunswick, East Rutherford, East Windsor, Edison, Elizabeth, Emerson, Englewood, Englishtown, Ewing, Franklin Township, Freehold, Garfield, Garwood, Hackensack, Highland Park, Hillsborough, Hillsdale, Hillside, Jersey City, Kearny, Kenilworth, Lakewood, Lawrence Township, Mahwah, Manville, Marlboro, Matawan, Metuchen, Middlesex Borough, Monroe, Mountainside, New Brunswick, North Brunswick, Nutley, Old Bridge, Paramus, Parsippany, Paterson, Perth Amboy, Piscataway, Plainfield, Plainsboro, Point Pleasant, Princeton, Rahway, Raritan, Readington, Red Bank, Ridgefield, Ridgefield Park, Ridgewood, Robbinsville, Rockaway, Rocky Hill, Roselle, Roselle Park, Rutherford, Sayreville, Scotch Plains, Seabright, Seaside Heights, Seaside Park, Secaucus, Shrewsbury, Somerville, South Amboy, South Bound Brook, South Brunswick, South Orange, South Plainfield, South River, Sparta, Spotswood, Summit, Teaneck, Tenafly, Toms River, Trenton, Union, Wall, Warren, Washington, Watchung, West Windsor, Westfield, Woodbridge, and other communities in Bergen County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Ocean County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, and Warren County. They handle criminal matters in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. They are available to handle matters in the United States Supreme Court.

Criminal Lawyers in New Jersey and
© Copyright 2006-2020, Allan Marain, New Brunswick, NJ, All rights reserved.
For information, questions, or suggestions about our site, please email our webmaster.
Web site design by DNEBA Enterprises » Accessible and Effective Web Design.
Search engine optimization by Rank Magic.
Page last updated 27 July 2020, and displayed Tuesday 29 September 2020, at 15:08:39 EDT.
Hosted by Westhost »When you expect more from your Web host.

Allan MarainClients’ ChoiceAward 2020   NJ Criminal Defense Lawyer Provides Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional code   Criminal Lawyer in NJ adheres to CSS standards   Site powered by Apache for users with problems relating to NJ New Jersey marijuana pot paraphernalia arrest arrested municipal court lawyer Rutgers police   Dynamic Drive provides much-valued technical assistance for attorneys at law in New Jersey court defense